Phonological Awareness: A Must Skill6 min read

Child Development Aug 26, 2021
phonological awareness


Phonological Awareness: A Must Skill6 min read

Every child, who has just started to learn to read, faces many challenges. If these challenges are met in the early stage, they tend to become fast and fluent readers. However, most parents ignore these small phonemic skills among children and then complain about their child’s lousy reading skills thereafter. Building a solid foundation for your child is highly essential to get them literacy success. Today we will tell you about phonemic and phonological awareness. Kids need to develop phonological awareness skills to become good readers of tomorrow. Therefore, every parent must look after the phonemic and phonological awareness skills of their children.

What is Phonological Awareness?

“Phonological awareness is the grasp of one-of-a-kind approaches that oral language can be divided into more minor aspects and manipulated.” In simple terms, it refers to the more significant “chunks” or “parts” of language. Parents can work at the phonological focus level of their kids and ask kids to try to create a rhyming sentence, combine small phrases to make a compound word, and tell the syllables in each word. Phonological awareness can be an idea of a large umbrella, with the more significant “chunks” of language being the pinnacle of the umbrella.

What is Phonemic Awareness?

Phonemic awareness explains that spoken phrases are made of unique sounds referred to as phonemes. A phonemic is the smallest unit of sound we hear in a word. Phonemic awareness falls under the umbrella as a sub-category of phonological awareness. Rather than working with large figurative devices of spoken language, parents can ask their kids to pay attention to the more prominent sounds or phonemes in a spoken word. When we ask children to mix phrases into the smallest unit of sound they hear, we work at their phonemic skills. For example, the four sounds /p//l//a//n/ can be blended to make the complete word “plan”.

Why is Phonemic Awareness Essential?

Phonemic awareness is the single quality predictor of analyzing the knowledge of the language in younger children. It helps them up to grasp spelling-sound relationships. This is how literacy preparation starts during the early years of your child’s education and leads without delay to excellent reading skills: analyzing written words primarily based on every letter’s sounds.
Since studying and spelling capabilities go hand in hand, phonemic awareness will assist youngsters to grow to be more suitable readers, spellers and writers. However, when kids start to study without solid phonemic skills, they are likely to get confused when similar-sounding words cross their path.

How to Develop Phonological Awareness in Your Child?

Kids can quickly develop phonological awareness skills from their initial schooling. Therefore, parents must look at some of the ways to develop skills in students. Here are some of the ways by which you can develop phonological awareness skills in your child.

Focus on their knowledge of rhyme

It is the prime duty of parents to focus on the rhyming skills of their children. Ask your youngster to pick up rhyming words from the books without anybody’s help. In addition, you can try to give your own words and tell the child to find rhyming words to those. For example, you can say the word ‘fox’ and tell your child to find its rhyming words and they might find some rhyming words such as boxes, docs and so on rhymes. This will help you know where your child stands in phonological awareness. Look which words do they choose and whether they rhyme perfectly or it just has a very minimal rhyme, or it does not rhyme at all.

Listen Up

Good phonological awareness begins with youngsters grasping the power of sounds, syllables, and rhymes in the phrases they hear. We recommend you to read stories aloud to your kid frequently. Choose poems that have rhyme or repeat the equal sound. Draw your child’s interest to rhymes: “Fox, socks, box!
For example, if you read out words like One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish, ask your little one to pay attention to the /fffff/ sound in fish. (Really stretch the sounds out at first.) Outside of storytime, try to point out phrases that begin with the /fffff/ sound to have a practical approach.

Follow the Beat and Get into Guesswork

Parents can help their children in understanding the various kinds of beats. First, make all beats clear to them by telling various clapping sounds and all the other kinds of sounds. For example, you can tell them to pronounce the word elephant appropriately. The pause after each word and clap out each syllable together. Moreover, this will help your child in understanding all the beats in a better way.
On the other hand, guessing games such as “I spy” can assist you in working on your child’s phonological skills.

Connect the Sounds

Connecting different sounds is very crucial during the early reading years of your child. Youngsters need to develop the habit of connecting sounds from a very early stage. They need to know how to put sound units or phonemes together so that words can be read smoothly. However, if children do not know to connect different phrases, they will not be great with their pronunciation. Parents can help their children to start working on putting the same sounds together through various activities. For example, if you are a parent, you can ask your child to connect the beginning sounds with the rest of the word. There are numerous ways to follow this method.

You can use the letter P and tell them to add IG. Now let your child guess which is the word and how to pronounce it. If they guess the word right with the correct pronunciation, you can believe that they have good phonemic awareness skills.

Break Apart Words

Breaking compound words and forming two new words is a bit easy. However, children sometimes face problems in it. This is due to a lack of phonological skills. To begin with, you can use words such as basketball, firefly, firefighters or cowboy and ask your child to form some new words out of them. After that, there are plenty of compound words so that you can move from easy to complex.
Now say the word cowboy and take the boy away. Now ask your child which word is left?

Search Online

Today we have plenty of sources where we can explore unlimited ideas to work on the phonological awareness skills of children. For example, you can use YouTube to educate your child about various sounds. You can also find games and songs to you’re your child’s phonological awareness skills strong.
Remember that forcing your child to give a proper answer is not an accurate way to teach them. But, on the other hand, you should also not be too harsh on your child as it might severely impact their minds. Moreover, you can use various games, and also you can take extra help.

These were some of the ways through which you can quickly develop logical skills in your child.


Some children are extraordinary with sounds; however, some face issues in guessing the right one. Parents must not get frustrated if their child faces such problems. Instead, it’s better to assist your child to better their understanding of sounds. You can use multiple methods told above to develop phonological skills in your child. These skills are highly required at every stage of our life. Thus, don’t let your child lag in any field.

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